FACILITIES

house

Mukhrino Field Station has a two-storey wooden building with study/laboratory rooms, beds for 20 persons, a simple dining room with kitchen, and a Russian sauna. The experimental field is equipped with 1 km long walking boards, which cross the main mire ecosystem types and facilitate researcher’s access to perform experiments and measurements in and above the mires, without disturbing the ecosystems. Distributed across the field site are clusters of thermologgers, water level recorders, and nine semi-automatic chambers (1 m2) for measurements of greenhouse gas fluxes.

Overview of the research sites

The main objects of study, the power- supply system and the equipment are located near the swamp. There is a 700 meter trail from the house to the swamp along the forest. The trail is drained with the deeply incised channel of the brook flowing from the bog.

Meteorological ground is equipped with the psychometric booths, precipitation gage, and snow scale in compliance with the Roshydromet State Standard.

In the booths, there are minimum, maximum and urgent thermometers, psychrometer, barometer and humidity recorder thermograph.

Automatic weather stations (on the ridge and in the seepage areas) measure up to 20 indicators, including: air and soil temperature, air and soil humidity, soil, solar radiation (direct and reflected), wind speed and direction, the flow of heat in the soil, rainfall and barometric pressure.

Semi-automatic sample bag of greenhouse gases (48 samples for the period from 1 hour to 5 days) are installed in different types of wetland ecosystems.

The monitoring system of the bog water hydrological regime comprises:

  • Hydrological wells with the water level sensors;
  • Precipitation gages;
  • Lysimeters for measuring evaporation from the open water and the bog surface covered with vegetation;
  • Hydrological station for measuring the volume of the surface bog water runoff (2 dams at the source and in the higher part of the brook stream flowing out of the swamp).

Equipment:

  • unique micro-meteorology system for measuring fluxes of heat , water vapor and carbon dioxide by the fluctuation measurements (Eddy Covariance IN SITU FLUX);
  • GLC “Crystal 5000”;
  • analyzer carbon , nitrogen , hydrogen and oxygen (Eurovector EuroEA 3000) ;
  • precision electronic analytical balance (Mettler Toledo XP205);
  • programmable ovens and muffle furnace ;
  • high-precision satellite navigation receiver DGPS Maxor-GGDT;
  • standalone portable water level sensors (Keller DCX 22 , Mini-Daiver DI501);
  • temperature sensors and gauges ;
  • electromagnetic sensors measuring the speed of the water flow (SENSA RC2);
  • ground penetrating radar (Ramac-GPR);
  • pH meters , conductivity , dissolved oxygen sensors ;
  • soil and peat augers, ice screws ;
  • microscopic equipment by ZEISS, including : light translucent binocular microscopes (Axiostar plus). stereomicroscope Stemi 2000, binocular loupes Stemi DV4.

Infrastructure

solar

Solar battery (3 kW); wind farm (2 kW); supply AC 220 (3 kW)

In 2012 a satellite aerial with video surveillance (CCTV) was installed, which provides access to monitor field experiments and device operation from any place in the world via the internet. Wi-fi is available.

Transport capacities:

  • minibus Toyota HiAce,
  • snowmobiles Bombardier Ski-Doo,
  • boat Freereder-490-jet (for 6 persons),
  • speed-boat KS 110-35 (with 12 sleeping places),
  • cross country vehicle.